Giclee Fine Art Printing, is an artistic graphic technique in the form of inkjet printing.
Originally, giclee was the word used to describe digital reproductions of conventional artwork (painting or drawing) or photographs. The quality of these images depends on which method has been used in digitizing. When the print can be considered to be a reproduction to a graphic work, depends on how and to what extent the artist has been involved in the process.
Many artists now use the computer as a tool for creating artistic images. Today, it is widely accepted that a giclee print can be a work that is produced entirely in a digital workflow on a modern computer with applications like Adobe Photoshop or Illustrator. The Giclee method makes it possible to offer the works in small printouts with high print quality.
Giclee has generally become a synonym for high-quality inkjet printing, but is just a term of the print method itself. The printer’s properties and color pigments, along with paper quality, determine whether the print can be considered approved for signing according to the Giclee Fine Art principle. As with traditional graphic techniques such as lithography, screen printing, copper graphics and more, it is ultimately the artist who decides whether the print is to be approved. Giclee Fine Art can be considered the modern form of artistic printing technique.
What’s the difference?
There are those who argue that the concept of giclee is just a trick to charge a higher price for an inkjet print. But there are at least four basic criteria that must be met for the print to be considered a true giclee:
- Document Resolution: An image to be printed as a giclee must be created with a resolution of at least 300 pixels per inch (dpi) to ensure that the final printout is sufficiently sharp.
- Paper: For giclee printing, the paper used must be acid-free and 100% cotton archival paper.
- Ink: The biggest difference between a regular inkjet print and a giclee print is that the giclee is printed using lightfast pigment-based ink. Pigment-based ink has a longer life span, ranging from 70 to 100 plus years for color images and double for black and white images.
- Printers: The type of printer used to create giclee prints is larger printers that specifically use pigment based ink with 8 to 12 different color cartridges.